Sesame seed is considered to be the oldest oilseed crop. Records from Babylon and Assyria, dating about 4000 years ago, mention sesame. Egyptians called it sesemt, and it is included in the list of medicinal drugs in the scrolls of the Ebers Papyrus dated to be over 3600 years old. Sesame seeds contain the lignans, sesamolin, sesamin, pinoresinol and lariciresinol . It contains high amounts of protein and dietary fiber. The flour that remains after oil extraction from sesame seeds is 35-50% protein and contains carbohydrates. This flour, also called sesame meal, is an excellent high-protein feed for poultry and livestock.